Because all building materials in the world can do little worse than that of concrete. For many, the very word conjures up images of an ugly post-war high-rise buildings, faceless concrete walls and fences, disfiguring the landscape.
But it would be a mistake to assume all concrete buildings looking like after the Second World War, an eyesore. In the past and in the present, some architects have used this often unloved material for structures that inspire awe, power and even beauty. Here are 10 examples of spectacular.
Einstein Tower in Potsdam, Germany
Outside of Potsdam in Germany is one of the prettiest little research buildings ever built. Einstein Tower was developed immediately after the First World War as a place where the great mathematicians of Germany could develop further innovative ideas of Einstein.
Today, Einstein Tower is a protected monument of German. It is a strange and beautiful building rises from the landscape of Brandenburg, where you can watch the science park.
Notre Dame du Haut in Ronchamp (France)
Le Corbusier was the father of modernism, who first decided that the house should be a “machine for living”. He was also a great fan of the concrete.
Built in 1955 on top of ancient pagan and Christian places of worship, the temple was quite unlike anything before that time did Le Corbusier. Visible on a clear day, under a deep blue sky, the temple may seem magical. As the giant shells, washed up on a sunny beach, which is just waiting to be discovered.
Splendor in the second Goetheanum (Switzerland)
The work of Rudolf Steiner’s second Goetheanum – a surreal, almost dreamlike house. External bends and protrusions resemble a strange body, staring down at the city below.
Built in 1928, this strange house was born after the first Goetheanum was burned down in 1922. Completely made out of cast concrete, it was intended to express the affinity with the environment around it. Second Goetheanum looks like something less natural in the earthly sense, and yet somehow surprising stranger.
Lotus Temple in New Delhi (India)
In the midst of a whirlwind of human energy in New Delhi, peacefully located strangely quiet building. Lotus Temple – a huge flower, which is a place of worship. Impossible collection of pure white petals, unfolding in the streets of the capital of India. An important monument of the Baha’i faith, which is now one of the most visited buildings in the world.
Built in 1986, the church uses the same basic ideas as the Sydney Opera House. The result is a remarkable building, which seems to float on the water, the impossible work of art.
Concrete miracle Habitat 67 (Canada)
Habitat 67 – that’s how life would look like if we all lived in the sci-fi film ’70s. Constructed of heavy concrete Israeli-Canadian architect Moshe Safdie, when he was still a student, the house was designed to demonstrate mastery of Canadian design to the public in 1967, the World Expo.
All of the construction shouts of ‘retro futurism’. Each apartment consists of one or three concrete box, suspended in space, and often free from the neighbors.
Pilgrimage Church in Neviges (Germany)
Pilgrimage Church in Neviges is an example of how concrete brutalism able to produce works of art. Pilgrimage Church looks like a mountain range with jagged peaks soaring majestically in the sky.
Inside, the feeling that you are in the lair of the villain in the James Bond movies.
Fiat Tagliero building in Asmara, Eritrea (Eritrea)
Futurological a masterpiece of art, home of Fiat Tagliero in Asmara in Eritrea is a unique fragment of the colonial era. Once being an African colony of Italy, the city was reconstructed by Italian architects rapidly after Mussolini declared his clean sheet, where the New Rome to be built. But it is not a classic and ultra-modern Rome. The city had become the world cutting-edge design, shapes that imitated the speed …
Ideal Palace (France)
The four-sided castle, decorated with a haphazard jumble of forms, motifs, patterns and ideas seem to materialize out of sleep. In fact, it was built by one person, the postman Ferdinand Cheval, who was inspired by a dream he had in 1864, according to which he has built a huge palace.
Cheval was a mailman who do not have special education and a lot of money for the construction. Nevertheless, he spent 34 years of life, to single-handedly build this castle.
Throughout construction, Cheval used just three materials: concrete, lime and wire.
The National Assembly in Dhaka (Bangladesh)
Designed by architect Louis Khan, the building took nearly 20 years to complete. Originally intended for a huge government, it has become a symbol of peace and democracy, when Bangladesh sharply separated from Pakistan during the war, which killed about three million people.
Hotel Rügen in Pyongyang (North Korea)
This hotel without guests. A mega structure hovering over Pyongyang hotel Rügen can claim to be the highest hotel in the world. The hotel was built from 1987 to 1992, but due to the difficulties in the DPRK economy, construction of the hotel Rügen has been suspended. The hotel was abandoned. Almost 25 years later, it is still empty, the sci-fi dream that will never come true. Like many of this list building, the hotel also features intriguing possibilities concrete, the huge potential of the material for arrogance.