Maori people living on the islands of New Zealand, sailed here from Eastern Polynesian canoe somewhere between 1250 and 1300 AD. For centuries, they have created a rich and complex society, which included the violent and terrible cult of the warrior. Europeans became known as the Maori men – soldiers, although women could also be warriors, who had a tattoo on his face.
10. Their tattoos were carved
Tattoos had a special significance for the Maori people. They are applied to both men and women. The most common place where the tattoo was applied, was the face, but some Māori made them on the neck, torso, and arms tattooed. Most Maori got their first tattoo as a teenager.
Each unique pattern of tattoos, but in general they are formed in a spiral shape. They were tattooed during the ceremony, and each line represents a manifestation of human courage and strength. After all, these tattoos are not done with a needle gun. Instead, they were cut, which used a hammer and chisel, which was made from animal bones. The ink was made from ashes and fat. This left scars on the skin in the form of patterns, instead of being smooth as modern tattoo.
9. Dance War
One of the most remarkable traditions used by Maori warriors, and still used in many national sports teams, is a traditional dance called the Haka. During the dance, participants say, shout, stamp their feet, sticks out his tongue, and his eyes bulge.
Dance used for a variety of occasions. Firstly, it was used to intimidate their opponents. In another case it was performed before battle during the ritual. If something went wrong with the dance, the elders were convinced that it was a bad omen. This gave them the option to either cancel or change your plans.
8. The baton was used to crack the skull
The baton was the most common weapon, which was used Maori warriors. It was made in the form of drops of bone, jade or stone. They often were decorated beautifully and are considered family.
The batons are not cutting edges and used in close combat engagements. Most Maori warriors attacked the enemy and beaten with a truncheon on top on the shoulder. They tried to break the collarbone, dislocated or broken shoulder. Then their opponent could not defend himself from being hit on the head; often in the back of the head. Behind the skull is pterion – the weakest point of the skull. Therefore Maori enough one hit in that area to kill an enemy soldier.
7. The dead were buried and then exhumed and then perezahoranivalis.
Maori have a very unusual way to bury their dead. Since the beginning of its culture, Maori people buried twice. Firstly, one week after death, the body is wrapped in a mat, and then instilled and allowed to decompose. Then, a year later, the bodies were exhumed and the bones removed the remaining flesh. Then the bones were stained with red ocher, which is a natural pigment, and drove to different towns, where people once again mourned the dead. Then he held another ceremony before the bodies were buried in a sacred place. After this second burial was believed that the human soul will go to the mysterious underworld.
6. war Strategy
In the armies of Māori hapū who called, as a rule, never had more than 100 men, and in some cases fought as well and women. Sometimes several hapū were united, but then they became poorly organized.
From an early age, boys are taught the art of war, and every man was trained as a warrior.
Maori attacked other tribes. They usually attack enemy villages at dawn. All the men were killed, because it is possible to eliminate the possibility of revenge. Women captured as a prize of war.
5. The heads of those killed were taken as trophies
The heads were of particular significance for the Maori people, and know that they took the heads of their fallen enemies. From Maori heads enemies removed the brain and the eyes. Further, all the openings were sealed up with flax fiber. Head boiled steamed or baked in the fire. heads were then dried in the sun for several days and then processed shark oil.
Why Maori gathered the heads of their enemies? One reason for this ritual is the mockery and insult to the memory of the enemies. For this purpose a bizarre game was developed in the head. They were formed in the pile, and then put the top of the head of the deceased chief leader. Then, using stones or sticks, Maori tried to knock his head on the top of the pile.
4. The first meeting of James Cook was awful
The first meeting of Europeans and Maori took place in December 1646 when the Dutch ship was shipwrecked near the island of Maori. Both sides were inhospitable to each other and this has led to some action, which resulted in the death of both sides. After the departure of the Dutch Europeans do not want to return to the island until 1767, when the English navigator James Cook went in search of the legendary fourth continent.
When Captain Cook first encountered the Maori, they sent two war canoes to meet with the Europeans. When the canoes approached, two Maori warrior with tattoos on his face, got up and picked up the dried head of his last enemy, which were also covered with tattoos. Cook and his team immediately noticed details in the faces.
Cook wanted to communicate with Maori peacefully, but the Maori acted aggressively. As a result, the Europeans were forced to kill a few Maori in self-defense.
In order to convince Maori that they came into the world, Cook and his men came to the Maori prisoners gently and let them go. This has led to improved relations between Maori and Europeans, which will play an important role in the formation of New Zealand.
3. The most famous warrior Hongri Nick
It is believed that the most famous leader of the Maori is Hunzhi Nick, who was born in 1778. It was cruel and cunning warrior. Its leader has collaborated with the Europeans, as the realized value of muskets in the war. In 1808, the tribe got involved in a war with another tribe, however, due to the fact that in those days to reload muskets required at least 20 seconds, the enemy tribe used this time to attack. Many members of the tribe Ngapui Ivey, including the chief, were killed. Hongri Nick was one of those lucky enough to escape the slaughter.
Hongri Nick was the oldest, so he became chief of the tribe. He had the foresight to see that muskets could be incredibly important weapon in the war. He traveled to Australia and England. He even converted to Christianity and established the first Christian mission in New Zealand.
This attitude toward the church gave Nick Hongri access to more guns because he vowed to become a defender of the Church. Hongri Nick was able to accumulate more than 3,000 guns and large quantities of ammunition and gunpowder for his 10 years, the head of the tribe. Since 1818, his tribe and other tribes cuts captures their women. During the year he took over full control of the northern New Zealand. However, other tribes went in the footsteps of Hongri Nick and bought their own weapons. Hongri Nick killed fighting, he was shot in the lung in 1828.
Like other culture warriors, Maori committed infanticide. Women were less in demand in the society, because it is necessary tribes were more men, as every man was a soldier, and was supposed to be a decent amount of soldiers to provide security. In fact, there are five ways to infanticide. Their skull could be crushed, they can be recessed in the stone basin, strangled, and finally, the mother pressed a soft spot on the skull of a baby and a child were killed instantly.
1. They practiced cannibalism
Maori warriors committed cannibalism. Some historians believe that the Europeans are trying to draw a Maori savages. However, in addition to evidence of cannibalism, tribal oral tradition and archaeological evidence also strongly suggests that Maori warriors ate defeated enemies.
There are several reasons why the Maori ate their enemies. One reason was the need to grasp their spirit, which they called Manu. Another theory says that cannibalism was part of their battle rage. Also, another reason was considered the humiliation of the enemy. The greatest indignity that can be done – is to kill the enemy, the enemy chop, eat it, and then put it into the feces.
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