Today’s inhabitants think that the Vikings, who were a group of unorganized clans living in the northern parts of Europe, were bloodthirsty wild giants, who were engaged and only those that continually at war with civilized nations in Europe. In fact, they were ordinary, medium-sized men, whose manners were not much more bloodthirsty than the medieval Europeans. The Vikings were incredibly prolific sailors and traders.
While almost constantly in a state of war, the Vikings were brutal and ruthless warriors. They won almost all their enemies with which they have ever faced. Because of their special beliefs and religion, lifestyle, violence and war are part of everyday life. These are just some terrifying facts about their lives.
10. magic mushrooms
The Vikings were the most dominant fighting force in Europe since the end of 8 th century to the middle of the 11 th century. The great advantage of the Vikings was that when they went into battle, they entered into a trance state called “berserk”. In this state, they indiscriminately kill anyone who got in their way.
One theory is that the Vikings were in a state of Berserker, because they ate psilocybin mushrooms, better known as magic mushrooms. The theory is that the fungi causing them hallucinations. It also increases the level of adrenaline.
9. Viking soup
Viking Women were very knowledgeable in medicine and the health of their men. After bloody and fierce battles that were part of Viking life Viking women were assessed as dangerous wound received warrior. To do this, they fed the wounded soldiers broth, which is prepared from leeks and greens.
After eating, the woman smelled the smell of the wounds. If they sensed the smell of soup, they knew that the wound was too deep, and there is no way to cure it. In this case, women are not treated with such soldiers, knowing that they will die soon. They spent their time and used their funds only for the soldiers, they could help.
The Vikings used various types of weapons, such as axes and spears. Even their shields were used as an offensive weapon. However, their most valuable weapons were their long swords. The Vikings called their swords “vdovodel” and “corpse-Bramble,” and swords passed down from generation to generation. When the boy grew Viking and gave him the sword of their fathers talked about all the men who were killed by the sword. This helped to transfer their family traditions and instill the idea of nobility in battle.
Swords were double-edged and sharp enough to penetrate the human skull or limb cut off at one stroke. Men usually carry their swords on his back and slept next to them. They were armed all the time because of family strife. Viking fractions were constantly at war. Men were supposed to be able to defend their homes, their families and protect their leaders and the heads of the Jarl.
Viking justice system was different than it is today. In particular, the insulting someone higher class was forbidden, but the murder was not always illegal. For example, if someone has been killed, the victim’s family could also kill the killer. Of course, this led to lengthy wars related to blood feuds.
Another method of dispute resolution was Holmgang. In fact, it was a duel with one person to another, who felt that did wrong to him. The fight was to be held for a week and anyone could volunteer to fight in place of a man who was challenged.
If the person who has challenged did not come to fight, it is automatically recognized as guilty. If the charge was terrible enough, any person from any social class, had the opportunity to legally kill this man. This meant that if the clan leader does not come to a duel, a slave could kill him without any legal consequences.
Vikings loved violence, so it is not surprising that their games have also been associated with fights and battles. The Viking Games, death and serious injuries were common. It is a rule that men can stop to play when they want. If they were killed, it was their own fault.
The meaning of a single game, which they called a contest for the “swimming” was whether to keep the enemy on the water for as long as possible. If a person could not reach the surface, he was drowning. The fight was another important aspect of the Viking culture. It helped them stay in shape, even when they are not made forays.
If the games themselves were not so dangerous, then fights and fights could break out at any moment. In one historical record contained the story of how, during the game you play a group of boys, six-year boy drove the ax into his head the other boy, because he beat him at the beginning of the game. Fights sometimes can lead to a blood feud that could last for years.
As the Vikings lived in northern Europe, where conditions were harsh and the violence was part of everyday life, they wanted their children to be strong m strong. In the Viking culture, everyone, including children, had to work. As they grew older, all the men were at war, and all the women had to work around the house. If the child was born with a deformity or received a disability, they are often imposed on the street and died from hypothermia.
While women have more rights in the Viking society compared with other societies, women were considered less valuable. Men may own land, wealth and valued as warriors.
4. Sexual slavery
It is believed that the Viking era began in 793 BC. e., when the raiders, probably from Norway, attacked the monastery of Lindisfarne off the coast of north-east England. The Vikings continued to raid villages and monasteries along the European coast to 1066. However, researchers are not sure of the reasons why the Vikings began their raids.
One theory is that men Vikings would seize the women, because thanks to the selective infanticide in their society observed disorder in the ratio of men and women.
Some genetic tests are carried out on modern citizens of Iceland, supports this theory. Vikings colonized Iceland more than a thousand years ago, and since then, virtually no migration was observed in Iceland. Their tests showed that about 80% of the male settlers in Iceland from Norway and 63% of women – settlers from the British Isles. How could it happen-scale interbreeding between Norwegian men and women from the area who robbed the Vikings. It is unlikely that the woman alone emigrated to Iceland, at his own request.
3. Erik the Red was too brutal for the Vikings
The Vikings were loyal warriors who were known for their brutality. One way or another, but Erik Christoffer Nyman was too severe for them. Better known as Erik the Red, he was born in Norway, somewhere around 950 years. When Eric was a child, his father was exiled for murder, and his family moved to Iceland.
Eric received his famous nickname because of his red hair. Living in Haukadale in Iceland, Erik has caused a landslide, destroying the house of his neighbor – Eyuolfa. A Eyuolfa relatives, servants killed him in retaliation. Enraged Erik killed Eyuolfa and protectors of his clan. Family Eyuolfa demanded justice, and Eric was expelled.
Eric and his family moved to the north, but remained in Iceland. They have created a farm on the island Oksney. Settling there, a new neighbor named Nfran, who built his house and asked Eric for temporary use wooden beams, which had a special religious significance. Eric agreed, but when he demanded them back, Nfran refused to return them. There was a quarrel, and two sons Nfrana and several of his friends were killed. Eric, once again was expelled.
Eric and his family settled in Greenland, becoming the first people on the island. When the exile ended, Eric returned to Iceland and encouraged people to settle in Greenland. Two colonies and Eric lived out the rest of his days there with my family have been created. Among his sons was Leif Erikson, who was the first European to reach North America, and create a colony there, almost 500 years before Christopher Columbus.
2. Human sacrifice
There were rumors that the Vikings make a human sacrifice. However, the monks responsible for these works have never seen the very ceremony.
However, there was no concrete evidence that the Vikings practiced human sacrifice until 2011, when human bones, along with sacrificial jewelry and weapons were found on the territory of the settlement of the Vikings next to the Tissot in Denmark.
1. Bloody eagle
Known pretty awful penalty Vikings called Bloody Eagle, but it turns out it was intended for the royal family.
Execution Bloody Eagle conducted in several stages, starting with the fact that the victim was tied face down. Then the real fun began. On the back of condemned men bloody incisions made in the form of an eagle with outstretched wings. Then the ax, one who cracked ribs from the spine. Once this was done, the skin is stretched so that the broken ribs looked like wings. Ostensibly, this is all done while the victim was still alive, which is important for the next stage, when the salt is rubbed into a wound on his back. To end it all, escaped through the back light.
Vikings depicted the performance of their execution, and their chronicles such an execution was carried out only twice. However, modern scholars believe that the execution of Blood Eagle was just a metaphor, because one can not survive all these procedures on your body.