How to grow vegetables and fruits in a kibbutz

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Retail chains in Russia and Ukraine can find a lot of fruits and vegetables Israelis. But few know that the Israeli eggplant, zucchini, potatoes, carrots, onions, grapes, oranges, and more are grown directly on the sand in the Negev desert, or even more arid Arava valley, on the border with Jordan. Moreover, much of the plantations and greenhouses are not even close, and just between minefields and eggplant extreme to Jordan ten meters. And if even this is not enough in these areas is virtually no precipitation of less than 50 mm per year (in comparison, in the central part of Russia – up to 800 mm per year). In short, rain is rare during the year can be counted on fingers.

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No black soil, no rivers or lakes. In general, black spots, where the constant breathing dust and sweltering heat to 50 degrees in the shade most of the year. However, these greenhouses and beds in the sand Mother Russia fed fresh and tasty fruits and vegetables. Read on and you’re not going to believe.

These sites are located in the southern part of Israel, take a look at the map immediately, “under the” Dead Sea to Eilat in the Red Sea border with Jordan it extends, and along with it the route №90, leading to Eilat. Thus, between the road and the boundary stretched dry and dusty Arava Valley, where there are about ten kibbutz (agriculture), growing vegetables and fruits. Surprisingly, efficiency is such that only ten (!) Companies not only meet the needs of almost 8 million Israel, but also manage to fill the shelves of supermarkets in Russia and Ukraine. Without water, without the normal soil without rain. Without exaggeration – amazing.

They riding on these black spots with sand in her hair nose wind parched and dry, never ceased to be surprised that a thousand Russian collective farms are unable to feed, and then a dozen farms put the case in the flow and provides millions of people. But let letters (and some would say that I am of “Russophobia” I say Russian farmers do not like, and their eternal battle for the harvest) and go for a walk. Is the most –

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Earlier I said that plantations are on the border. But I forgot to add that the local border has a number of features. The fact is that in 1994, with the signing of the peace treaty between Jordan and Israel, there was an exchange of territories. The border is passed through the bed of a seasonal river Arava in mudflows that descend from the mountains after the rain finally get to these places and flow in the direction of the Dead Sea. This happens a few times a year and only in the winter. Thus, in line with this, so called, and the river was the border.

On the Israeli side Arava desert development began in the late 50s, by Jordanian nothing there to this day. Add to this state of war existed between the two countries until 1994, and the following result: the Israelis in order to protect the border towns surrounding, captured the strategic points on the Jordanian side of the border. It was long ago, the fifties, the exact demarcation of the border did not exist, the riverbed moves back and forth. From Jordan actually carry out raids and attacks, just to mention the killing of 11 bus passengers Eilat-Tel Aviv in 1954, as explained in the article “The most dangerous road in Israel.”

In the end, the signing of a peace treaty in 1994, the two countries finally to determine the boundaries once and for all. As a result, Israel recognized Jordan for about 300 square kilometers of territory in Arabia, who in turn recognized by the Israelis for some small plots of land just north, near the Dead Sea. But the most interesting nuance is that the territory was annexed by Jordan after the peace treaty, there are several settlements. Do not include settlements inside houses, and their plantations and farms.

The new border was held in a few hundred meters from the settlements such as Hatseva, Yahav, Lotan and others. So, in exchange for an agreement on Israel to return the territories of Jordan, in the text of the peace treaty made the following paragraph: “… the Israeli economy remain under Israeli control, but under the formal jurisdiction of Jordan.” De I agree, it sounds very vague? In practice, this means that nothing has changed. Jordanians are required to ensure order and security in the area, but does not have the right to repair the obstacles of any nature (customs, border and tax) Israelis.

In practice, for a tourist that looks like this: you get behind the wheel, moves outside the village, five minutes drive across the border of Israel and Jordan and ride on Jordanian territory between Israeli greenhouses. What do you think? We launched on the road and just after leaving the village Hatseva, pass a formal border with Jordan. In addition to the warning bars there is nothing more –

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Notice that you can not pull over, the mines –

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We had a, where not a single person Israeli border post –

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Well, in Jordan. At least formally. Jordanians are not met –

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And here they are, planting in the sand. How everything grows here – the mind is not understandable.

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Work is only Thais and Filipinos. Israelis are not willing to work for money (Thais pay at least 4,860 shekels a month, ie in 1220 dollars) in the hot and dusty desert –

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Up to 80% of agricultural production of these settlements up in Russia. If you hit somewhere in Yaroslavl, Irkutsk or squash with the inscription “Puerrtto” – do not be surprised! Just kidding, I did not sign anything :-)))

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Green peppers –

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The network covers crops sun and dust –

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You will not believe it! This grape is also growing in the sand! Damn, these things beyond my comprehension –

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By the way, very tasty and sweet seedless grapes, like me –

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This potato –

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And that was not stolen Jordanians potatoes, then we put the mines. In fact, mine not because of the potatoes, of course –

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Eggplant –

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This is a preparation for the new crops. Arar sand and laying irrigation pipes –

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After half a year here grew potatoes and carrots will be at home on the table, in Moscow and St. Petersburg –

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Without water there is nothing to grow –

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Panoramic view of the plantation. A border river channel is seen in the lower right; so we’ll just visited Jordan without a visa. Saved to as much as $ 60. I’m smiling.

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a dam that collects coming down from the mountain streams of water was built. Then, the same crops are irrigated with water –

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After the story of the grapes and pumpkins growing in the sand, it’s time to show how Israeli farmers live in the sand and oppressive dry heat of less than 50 degrees. As you recall, I did it for three years now dwell in a kibbutz (village) on the border between Israel and Lebanon, but here the weather is like Sochi: pine forests, mountains and sea. Who has not read about my village, see. The day bloggers.

Hot in the summer, but not compared to the Negev desert, where as the red-hot pan from April to October. However, in the warm and hospitable desert located around a dozen agricultural settlements in which a total of several thousand people live. These guys are not only in the winter feed Russia, Ukraine and several European countries, fresh fruits and vegetables, but also good living for yourself. Call farmers can only be a long way.

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As you recall, traveling at about 350 kilometers across much of Israel, only at night to get to your destination, the Hatseva kibbutz (Hatzeva), the south of the Dead Sea, near the road leading to Eilat № 90. The town gates and guards locked in the cabin met. Color imparts an ad in Thai (the door), indicating the presence of a significant number of foreign workers –

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He stopped in the fun at a place called “Shvilim be midbar” or in Russian, “The roads in the desert.” To call a hotel? A little something. Cabins – it is not. Let me show you where we lived, and you yourself will choose an appropriate definition. First, the car park and go inside. We arrived at night, tired, immediately found our room and went to bed.

All begin with the opening of the morning. Leave the room and is in a huge kitchen where you can cook (products sold in the supermarket, just below), use refrigerator, microwave and other kitchen utensils –

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Desyatilitrovy (!) Caldera with some wonderful tea, wise donate. He looked me in the – also did, is not wise. Extremely tasty, I think I blew the first day of half a glass of water. It is for customers who can drink as much as you want –

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Well, then this “Dahab Style”, familiar to all those who like to come to Sinai –

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But, of course, civilized and cleaner Dahab. Although the idea is the same –

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There is also plenty of room in which no one is too. Where are the people? Of course, here the keys and I went, no problem, just amazing. And even funny, why do we need the crowd with you some kind of tourists –

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Water, tea, coffee. However, I immediately became a fan of tea with sage, and now my bags “Lipton” is not razvedeshsya –

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Generally kayfovo place!

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Now imagine that it ‘s been two hours and finally saw the employees of this hotel / motel / hostel. They are Romanians. And original. Therefore, not only Thais and Filipinos. During the conversation, they said that the door here in the photo below, imported from Morocco (!), And not by someone, and the famous French director Claude Lelouch. In advertising, this man does not need, and you forgot to something like his films as “Man and Woman,” “darling of fortune” and all these classic paintings with Belmondo, Lino Ventura, Yves Montand, Catherine . Deneuve and other
As is well known, Lelouch – French Jew of Algerian origin, and very often the case in Israel. He is in the country a number of projects, and this place, which it is said – it also has something to do with the director. This is to ensure that the door Lelouch brought here almost 30 years ago –

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These are the rooms where very civilized, but without elegance –

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It is curious that the “hole” here tired last night, did not notice the presence of a second room –

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constant cats –

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After this two days, they experienced mixed feelings. On the one hand – cool, nice, relaxing. On the other hand, it is an insult that most tourists pass by, not even knowing that there is such an unusual ranch. It seems that the vast majority of its customers – themselves, Israelis and foreign tourists are rare here. Prices are, of course, far from Dahab and less than $ 70 you do not spend the night here. But on the way to Eilat it is definitely leaves you like.

And now, as promised, we look at the lives of farmers. Actually, you are in the center of town, go outside and is among the palm groves. The palms of everyone here, not only bring dates, but also serve as a natural refuge from the hot sun. Before the walk, you should put on a hat like shit sun even in March. The temperature and 28 in the shade is, and in the summer will be even higher at 12-15 degrees.

Living in the village of 280 houses, most – many people of European culture, natives of Poland, Romania, United States and as I said, now more Russian families –

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Palm trees everywhere, a true oasis. Among the trees live, work, park the car, raising children, walk their dogs –

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Note as an “adult” palm saplings grafted strip –

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This is the entrance to the house of one of the kibbutz. Only planted all the flowers and tropical plants –

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Unlike similar in the suburbs of large cities towns, people here just working, not only live in the cottage. We all have our areas, where people are engaged in one or another job. Not all trees are grown here. Some have created a mini-textiles and make cardboard boxes, others collect furniture, and some repair of agricultural machinery.

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Several times a day here called on a bus that connects the kibbutz with the “big” land, ie, with the city of Dimona, which lies 35 kilometers west. However, here I stop school buses pick up the kids, take them to school, and in the afternoon back to moms and dads. In addition, there are several clubs for children, such as the familiar “prodlenki.”

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A local supermarket, the size of a small “Pyaterochka”. In principle, it is not all that is needed. The walk into town for shopping is optional. Another thing, if you have some of those unusual things, such as mineral water “Borjomi”, or live fish – then yes, direct way downtown district.

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Spray trees insects –

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Kibbutz secretariat, in the same mail center, accounting and health. Estimate, which have their own small health center, open from 8 to 17 every day –

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One of the playgrounds –

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Kibbutz conventional house. As you can imagine, there is everything: water, gas, electricity, internet –

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These are the heavy routine Israeli farmers –

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From the village is near the border (to Jordan within 800 meters), which is surrounded by a fence with barbed wire –

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Border tower stands beside the kibbutz, and can be seen everywhere. However, the reason no one –

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In the village several relatively large factories, such as the small factory that manufactures plastic packaging –

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… And a plant for processing fruits and vegetables –

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Since the establishment has been greatly expanded and new businesses emerge like mushrooms after the rain, then here they are actively recruiting work. In addition to the nearly two hundred Thai workers working in the field, there is still the same number of Israelis who work and who come every day to work outside the city.

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But this path is actually on the plantation, where the sand grow grapes, onions, zucchini, potatoes and more. In the way they are grown described above.

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And, of course, that alone does not grow anything here. Everywhere summed irrigation pipes –

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View of the village and plantations to the mountains –

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